“the natural way to better health”  
Home Page

Products
Flax Hulls
Fortified Flax Hulls (with Broccoli Sprouts)
Organic Gold

 Flax Hulls ingredients 
Flax Hulls - Lignans
Lignans - What is it
Analysis of Flax Hulls
SDG
Vitamin B12 or Cobalamin
Flax Hulls - Metals Analysis

 

 Breast Cancer Info 
What is Breast Cancer
Who Gets Breast Cancer
Individual Risk Factors
Prolonged Estrogen Exposure
Breast Cellular Changes
Smoking Diet and Stress
Stages of Breast Cancer
The Lymph Nodes
What are Lymph and Lymph Nodes
Why are Lymph Nodes important?
Effect of Lignans on Breast Cancer

 

 Flax News 
Breast Cancer - reports and trials
Testimonies from producer
New Therapies for Psoriasis
HRT - a significant breast cancer risk
Importance of fibre in diet
Avoid HRT for menopause
Antibiotics may increase chances of Breast Cancer
ASA may cut breast cancer risk: study
Milk may lower colon cancer risk
Study cast doubt on soy as menopause aid
Warning over HRT long-term use
High Five for Fibre
Study shows Lignans help with hair loss
The First Steps to a Strong Immune System
Sulforaphane effective against H. Pylori
Sulforaphane could fight Leukemia & cancers


What is breast cancer


Stages of breast cancer


Source: breastcancer.org - a non-profit organisation, USA


June 26, 2004

The purpose of the staging system is to help organize the different factors and personality features of the cancer into categories, in order to:

  • best understand your prognosis (the most likely outcome of the disease);
  • guide treatment decisions;
  • provide a common way to describe the extent of breast cancer for doctors and nurses all over the world, so that results of your treatment can be compared and understood





Tumor sizes:
3 spheres measuring 1cm., 3cm., 5cm.






Stage 0
This stage is used to describe non-invasive breast cancer. There is no evidence of cancer cells breaking through to or invading neighboring normal tissue.

Stage I
This stage describes invasive breast cancer (cancer cells are breaking through to or invading neighboring normal tissue) in which:
  • The tumor measures up to two centimeters, AND
  • No lymph nodes are involved.


Stage II
This stage describes invasive breast cancer in which:
  • The tumor measures at least two centimeters, but not more than five centimeters, OR
  • Cancer has spread to the lymph nodes under the arm on the same side as the breast cancer. Affected lymph nodes have not yet stuck to one another or to the surrounding tissues, a sign that the cancer has not yet advanced to stage III. (The tumor in the breast can be any size.)

Stage III
Stage III is divided into subcategories known as IIIA and IIIB

Stage IIIA
This stage describes invasive breast cancer in which:
  • The tumor measures larger than five centimeters, OR
  • The tumor has spread to lymph nodes, and nodes are clumping or sticking to one another or surrounding tissue

Stage IIIB
This stage describes invasive breast cancer in which a tumor of any size has spread to the breast skin, chest wall, or internal mammary lymph nodes (located beneath the breast inside the chest) - and includes inflammatory breast cancer.

Inflammatory breast cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer is a very uncommon but very serious, aggressive type of breast cancer that is considered stage IIIB. The most distinguishing feature of inflammatory breast cancer is redness involving part or all of the breast. The redness feels warm. You may see puffiness of the breast's skin that looks like the peel of a navel orange ("peau d'orange"), or even ridges, welts, or hives. And part or all of the breast may be enlarged and hard. Inflammatory breast cancer is sometimes misdiagnosed as a simple infection.

Stage IV
This stage includes invasive breast cancer in which a tumor has spread beyond the breast, underarm, and internal mammary lymph nodes. The tumor may have spread to the supraclavicular lymph nodes (nodes located at the base of the neck, above the collarbone), lungs, liver, bone, or brain.

Additional stage information:
You may also hear terms such as "early" or "earlier" stage, "later" or "advanced" stage breast cancer. Although these terms are not medically precise (they may be used differently by different doctors), here is a general idea of how they apply to the official staging system:

Early stage:
  • Stage 0
  • Stage I
  • Stage II


Later stage:
  • (stage II if there are many lymph nodes involved)
  • Stage III (IIIA, IIIB)


Advanced stage:
  • Stage IV



Next page Lymph Nodes



See below for a sample of Fortified Flax Hulls (1st pic) and Flax Hulls (2nd pic)

    
Each jar contains 180gm of fortified flax hulls or 150gm of flax hulls




The above information is provided for general educational purposes only. It is not intended to replace competent health care advice received from a knowledgeable healthcare professional. You are urged to seek healthcare advice for the treatment of any illness or disease.
The Food Standard Agency UK has not evaluated these statements. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.


 Distributors - Nth America | Sth America | Asia | Europe | Africa | Oceania |  Contact Osumex
Copyright 2001-2014 Osumex UK Ltd. All rights reserved.